4.1.1

In the first issue, we treated some of these common issues most young teen girls have with their menstrual cycles – the major ones. Here, we will treat the less common ones. So, sit back and learn!

Continued From Issue #1

Amenorrhea (Absence of Periods)
Girls who haven’t started their periods by the time they’re 15 years old or 3 years after they’ve shown the first signs of puberty have primary amenorrhea, which is usually caused by a genetic abnormality, a hormone imbalance, or a problem with the way the reproductive organs developed.

Menorrhagia (Extremely Heavy, Prolonged Periods)
It’s normal for a girl’s period to be heavier on some days than others. But signs of menorrhagia (excessively heavy or long periods) can include soaking through at least one sanitary pad an hour for several hours in a row or periods that last longer than 7 days.

Dysmenorrhea (Painful Periods)
There are two types of dysmenorrhea, which is painful menstruation that can interfere with a girl’s ability to attend school, study, or sleep:

Primary dysmenorrhea is very common in teens and is not caused by a disease or other condition. Instead, the culprit is prostaglandin, the chemical behind cramps. Some prostaglandin can lead to mild cramps. But large amounts of prostaglandin can lead to nausea, vomiting, headaches, backaches, diarrhea, and severe cramps. Fortunately, these symptoms usually only last for a day or two.

Secondary dysmenorrhea is pain caused by some physical condition like polyps or fibroids in the uterus, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), or adenomyosis (tissue that usually lines the uterus growing into the muscular wall of the uterus).

Endometriosis
In this condition, tissue normally found only in the uterus starts to grow outside the uterus – in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or other parts of the pelvic cavity. It can cause abnormal bleeding, dysmenorrhea, general pelvic pain, and lower back pain.

These problems have solutions… All you have to do is see a competent physician.