AcneThe leading cause of teen acne is hormones. During puberty your body starts producing hormones known as androgens that contribute to acne. This is all part of our human development and these hormones are produced in different amounts.

Teenage girls with an over production of Androgens have excess hair growth in places like the chin or upper lip. This can be very alarming, but with proper hair removing facial creams, waxing or threading this can be put under control. Girls also experience monthly flare ups due to premenstrual cycle, along with some emotional mood swings.

Although there is no scientific proof that stress brings on acne, many teens have experienced a break out right before big events in their lives. Excess amounts of these hormones cause Sebaceous Glands (oil glands) to become over active. Normally, oil produced at regular levels is excreted through your skin’s surface. When oil is over produced it combines with dead skin cells, which your body naturally sheds, clumping together to form a sticky plug, resulting in acne.

This combination traps oil and bacteria clogging the pore, making it impossible for the oil that is being produced to get to the skin’s surface. Instead of being released, the oil is now trapped causing inflammation. The inflammation sends a message to your body that something is wrong and in defense, your body rushes white blood cells to the pore, causing a whitehead.

PREVENTION

You can take control and improve the appearance of your skin. These tips will help to get rid of existing acne as it prevents future breakouts.

– The same bacteria and oils that are causing you to break out are also on your hands. Squeezing your pimples does nothing more than push more bacteria and oil into your pores causing further inflammation. Worst of all it may lead to acne scarring.

– Don’t go to sleep with makeup. Remove your makeup before bedtime to prevent clogged pores and future breakouts.

– Wash your cosmetic brushes at least once a week in soapy water to remove oil and bacteria.

– When using a concealer to cover blemishes, you should choose one that contains ingredients such as Salicylic Acid which will help to disinfect while concealing.

– Washing your pillowcases often will also help to prevent acne. They are potent carriers of bacteria and germs that can cause acne to form.

– After washing your face, gently pat dry with a clean towel. Do not rub dry. Rubbing the skin will only irritate your skin and may lead to further breakouts.

– Showering after any sports activity is important as perspiration and oil can settle on the skin’s surface trapping dirt and bacteria in your pores.

– Long hair or bangs around the face and wearing hats or bandanas too frequently can also allow acne to spread. Keep hair clean and away from the face.